The first step in getting the right treatment for your hip or knee problem is simple - a good diagnosis from a joint expert. Knee or hip pain can be caused by a number of conditions, some temporary, others chronic but treatable. A good diagnosis is the key to beginning an effective treatment plan.
Some common causes of knee and hip pain include:
Bursitis: This is the inflammation of bursa (fluid-filled space keepers) that are located near bony prominences.
Synovitis: This is the inflammation of the synovial capsule surrounding the joint. The synovium is normally a thin lining. Certain conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can cause the synovium to thicken and become engorged with fluid, leading to pain and inflammation.
Tendonitis: This is the inflammation of a tendon (the white fibrous tissues) that connect muscle to bone. It is often the result of overuse, such as tennis elbow. Other common areas where tendonitis occurs are the wrists, shoulders and knees.
Torn cartilage: This is often the result of athletic activities but can also be caused by a slip or fall. Most often, the meniscus is involved (the tough fibrous cartilage) which cushions the knee.
Osteoarthritis: This is the wearing away of the protective cartilage over time. While osteoarthritis can be painful, many people that have osteoarthritis do not experience any pain at all. Osteoarthritis in the hip can be difficult to diagnose early because pain may be felt in the groin, buttock, thigh or even the knee. The pain can vary in quality from a dull ache to a sharp pain. This is a why a good diagnosis from a joint expert is so important.
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